The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) released a study stating that Brazil, whose population is over 190 million, has about 14 million illiterate. According to the survey, 92.6% of them are over 25 years of age.
In the Northeast, which historically have the highest number of illiterates in the country, the illiteracy rate dropped from 22.4% in 2004 to 18.7% in 2009.
IBGE rated the reduction in the rate of “mild”, produced an illiteracy rate of 9.7% last year across the country. According to National Survey by Household Sampling (PNAD 2009), the decrease rate was different between the major regions, with South and Southeast to the lowest levels of illiteracy. In 2004, the illiteracy rate was 11.5%.